Momento Mori

This image was found in the triclinium of a house in Pompeii. What do you see in the image? What do you think is hanging next to the skull? What message do you think the mosaic sends?

10-04-03/14

Read pages 115-118 and answer the questions below.

1 . Who attends a funeral ceremony?

2. When is the ceremony held?

3. What practices are used at the ceremony?

4. How are the dead commemorated by the living.

5. What beliefs are held about life after death?

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17 thoughts on “Momento Mori

  1. I think it is an actor that has died in his house.
    1) The family and friends attend the funeral ceremony
    2) The ceremony is held at the graveyard
    3) Some practices that are used in the ceremony is that they give food the dead person for the journey through the spirit world and the person is dressed in their finest cloths.
    4) Their is a speech that is given and a professional mourners are there.
    5) Some beliefs are that the spirit is taken across a River Styx. If he/she was bad they went to their vision of hell and if they were good they went to their vision of heaven.

    • I think that it might have been an actor because the mosaic looks like a stage.
      1 Family and friends, professional mourners, and anyone how knew that person.
      2 the ceremony was held in the grave yard.
      3 the practices are; first they would wash the body, then lay it out for people to see. Then dress the person in his or her finest clothes. Then the family of the dead person would burn the body along with the persons most valuable possessions. Then once the body turned to ashes, they would mix it with wine. Before they bury the body, they would give a speech about the person’s life.Then they would bury it either in the grave yard or the family grave in the graveyard along the main road that goes in and out of Rome, so that the people can remember the dead,
      4. They would visit the dead. And during the burial they gave a speech about the person’s life.
      5 That if the person lived a good life, they went to heaven, but if they did bad they went to hell.

  2. 1. What do you see in the picture?
    a. I see dresses and handbags hanging next to a skull, which is balancing on a wheel.
    2. What do you think is hanging next to the skull?
    a. Dresses and handbags
    3. What message do you think the mosaic sends?
    a. To give your dead a proper burial, with all its possessions
    4. Who attends a funeral ceremony?
    a. People who were close to or knew the person who died attended. Rich families would also pay some women to come and mourn for the person who died.
    5. When is the ceremony held?
    a. Once the body had been cremated, or burned
    6. What practices are used at the ceremony?
    a. The people pay their respects to the person. They then give the person food and wine so that they can have food to eat and wine to drink. Garlands of flowers and little gardens were put along and on the tomb.
    7. How does the living commemorate the dead?
    a. They throw a banquet after the ceremony, and they also celebrate two holidays of the dead; one to remember parents and relations who had died, and the other to exorcise and ghosts in their houses who might be lonely or hungry, therefore dangerous.
    8. What beliefs are held about life after death?
    a. In the Greek myths about the underworld, when the good and lived happily forever in the Elysian Fields and where the wicked were punished for their crimes in Tartarus.

  3. What I see in the image:
    I saw a skull with clothes and food hanging next to it.
    1) Family, friends and professional mourners.
    2) When they were dead. The ceremonies were held in the graveyard.
    3) Family/friends place a coin in the dead person’s mouth, to pay for the ferry ride over the River Styx. They were given food, because they were usually hungry when they were dead, and they were dressed in their finest clothes and jewlery.
    4)There were festivals held, and speeches made.
    5) If you were good in your lifetime, you get to go to the afterlife. If you were bad you are basically tortured in the afterlife.

  4. In the mosaic I see a skull with clothes and food hanging next to it. I think this message shows that their is still everyday items and wealth in the afterlife.

    1)Family, friends, and professional mourners attended the funeral.
    2)The ceremony was held around a week after the person had died. The time between this was so that people who knew the person could pay their respects the person and say their last goodbyes.
    3) They remains of the dead were first carried to a cemetery and then burned into ashes. The ashes of the dead were then mixed with wine and put in a tomb. Their was music played at the ceremony and a speech was said about the person who had died.
    4) Their were celebrations held for the dead twice a year where their family would remember them and at the cemetery a speech was said about how good the person was during his/her life.
    5) If the person was good during their life they would have a good life in the afterlife and would have all the things they wanted but if they had been bad during their life then they were tortured in the afterlife.

  5. What do you see in the picture?- I see a skull on a wheel surrounded by bags and dresses
    What do you think i hanging next to the skull?- Dresses and bags
    What message do you think the mosaic sends?- To provide the dead person with all its necessities.
    Who came to the funeral?- Family and friends and people that knew the person who died
    When is a ceremony held?- About a week, after all the belongings are burned
    What practices are used at the ceremony?- They give speeches and give the dead person food and wine for the afterlife.
    How does the living commemorate the dead? they throw banquets and celebrate special holidays.
    What beliefs are held about life after death?- That the good lived happily in the Eslyan Fields, and the bad were punished in Tartarius.

  6. What I see in the Mosaic image: a skull with food, accessories, and clothes hanging on either side. What i think This Mosaic means: I think it is trying to show what you bring with you to the afterlife.

    1 . Who attends a funeral ceremony?
    Mostly people who were close to the dead person (such as family and friends) professional mourners were hired for people who were more famous and rich.
    2. When is the ceremony held?
    The ceremony is held as soon as the body has been prepared with its various needs to be happy in the afterlife.
    3. What practices are used at the ceremony?
    The body is cremated (burned to ashes) along with possessions the Romans believed the dead needed, according to their role in life. Such as a child would want it’s toys to be with he/she so they would burn the child along with its toys.
    4. How are the dead commemorated by the living.
    Food and flowers were left by the Tomb to keep them happy, they had a banquet after the funeral and ever year on the anniversary of the dead person. The tombs of the dead were not put in places that were lonely and quiet–they were put in the open so that people could visit often.
    5. What beliefs are held about life after death?
    It is believed that if you are not treated the correct way, you will be unhappy in the afterlife and the ghost of the unhappy person you didn’t treat right will come and haunt you until you do what they want you to do. It is believed you want to by burned with you special possessions so you can still have them in the afterlife. It is also believed you need a coin in your mouth to pay to the guard of the River Styx to pass down the river.

  7. 1. the friends, family, and people who knew them, and proffessional mourners.
    2. daybreak to dusk and nine days after the body is dead.
    3. They cremate the body, and they put a coin under the tongue so they can pay the fairy guy in the underworld
    4.They are given celebrations, festivals, and statues.
    5. That if you were good, you would be given a good afterlife.

  8. I see a skull with clothing hanging next to it. Death is hanging on a scale. The butterfly represents the spirit. One side represents the wealthy. The other side represents the poor.
    1. family, friends, and professional mourners. Anyone can come.
    2. The ceremony is held after the person dies and after the body was cremated.
    3. The practices that are done at the ceremonies are things such as offerings of eggs, beans, lentils, flour and wine that were placed at the bed of the tomb, because the ghosts of the dead were thought to be thirsty and hungry. The tombs were decorated with flowers and surrounded by little gardens. They burned their belongings too so the dead person has them in the afterlife.
    4. There was a speech given, and they show their respects.
    5. It was believed that if you had a good life and were a good person then you went the Elysian fields (heaven) were you lived happily, but if you were bad then you were punished for your crimes in Tartarus (hell).

  9. 1 . Who attends a funeral ceremony?
    Anyone can come, but mostly its friends, family, and professional mornors, depending on how rich the deceased is.
    2. When is the ceremony held? At night
    3. What practices are used at the ceremony?
    They put food and wine and jewelry in the dead/s tombs, because they believe that in the after life they will get hungry, also they burn the dead’s belongings so they have them in their afterlife.
    4. How are the dead commemorated by the living.
    They give speeches about them and show their praise.
    5. What beliefs are held about life after death?
    If the dead weren’t properly treated, their ghost would haunt people. Also, if you aare good, you go to heaven,

  10. 1.friends and family and people who knew the person and the professional mourners.
    2. it is held nine days after the death from everyday all day.
    3. They out a coin under the tongue so the fairy man could transport them across the river styx. They also burned the ashes of the dead and mixed them with wine. These are just a few of the practices they use
    4. they are commemorated by the living when the living make big buildings in the graveyard in their honor.
    5. The beliefs are that they go to the underworld where they cross the river styx if they had a coin and then if they were good they would go to there version of heaven and if they were bad they would go to hell. Hades was the god of the underworld.

  11. Kelly
    1. family, friends, and women who were paid to mourn for the death
    2. 7 deaths after the death
    3. They would burn or bury with the body the bodies jewelry, food,clothes, and sandals and they would put a coin under their tongue for the fairy ride with Charon
    4. They would make big tombs for the dead praising them. They would also make big speeches in their honor. They are also given a little parade before they make it to the cemetry
    5. If you had a good life and you were a good person you would go to the Elysian Fields but if you had a bad life and you were bad your punishment was to go live in Hell: Tartarus.

  12. 1. mostly friends and family.
    2. dawn to dusk, and 9 days after death
    3. they first put a coin under their tongue to pay the fairy in the underworld, and cremate the body.
    4. celebrations, statues.
    5. if you were nice and good, you would receive a good afterlife.

  13. 1st fairy should be ferry.
    2nd the dresses show that in the after life wealth doesn’t matter.
    3rd the scale thing he is on i think shows that death equals the wealthiest of emperors and the poorest of slave.

  14. 1 . Who attends a funeral ceremony?
    Members of the immediate family.
    2. When is the ceremony held?
    They would celebrate at night.
    3. What practices are used at the ceremony?
    The family places food and drink and buries the dead’s clothes.
    4. How are the dead commemorated by the living?
    By the tombs and flowers the family brings to the tombs.
    5. What beliefs are held about life after death?
    If you were good, you would have a good afterlife.

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